Similar to many other religions around the world, Islam boasts a rich history and diverse cultural heritage spanning different eras and regions. Islamic architecture stands out for its remarkable beauty and stunning infrastructure.
One of the most iconic features of Islamic architecture is the magnificent Mosques, which serve as much more than places of prayer and worship. These sacred structures represent the very essence of Muslim unity and brotherhood, fostering a sense of community and belonging among believers.
Indeed, these Mosques are not merely buildings; they are symbols of Islam’s integrity and hold great significance for the Muslim world. Their preservation and protection are of utmost importance to the entire Muslim nation, as any harm or destruction to these sacred sites is considered a violation of the sanctity cherished by Muslims worldwide.
List of Top 10 Largest Mosques in the World
Baitul Mukarram National Mosque
The Baitul Mukarram National Mosque, situated in Dhaka, Bangladesh, stands as one of the grandest mosques globally, ranking as the 10th largest. Encompassing an extensive area of 21,000 square meters, this architectural marvel can house up to 40,000 devout worshippers.
This magnificent structure harmoniously blends elements of traditional mosque design with contemporary touches. Its construction was completed in 1968, representing a blend of historical and modern influences.
Jamia Mosque, also known as Jamia Masjid, holds the distinction of being the largest mosque in Delhi, India. Commissioned during the Muslim era of the subcontinent, the mosque was financed by the renowned emperor Shah Jahan at an astounding cost of 10 Million rupees.
Dominating the skyline of Delhi, this majestic mosque reaches an impressive height of 80 meters and has the capacity to accommodate approximately 25,000 worshippers.
Sheikh Zahid Mosque
The Sheikh Zahid Mosque also referred to as the Sheikh Zayed Mosque, pays tribute to the United Arab Emirates’ late president, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan. Located in the capital city, Abu Dhabi, it ranks as the 8th largest mosque worldwide. Its vast expanse spans over 22,000 square meters, providing ample space for around 40,000 worshippers.
The mosque’s architectural inspiration draws from the majestic Mughal style, while also showcasing several unique and innovative features. Remarkably, its construction came with a staggering price tag of $545 Million USD.
The Badshahi Mosque, famously known as the “Royal Mosque,” stands as a remarkable testament to the Mughal culture and was constructed during the reign of Emperor Aurangzeb. This architectural marvel draws tourists from all corners of the world, eager to witness its grandeur and historical significance.
Spanning an impressive 29,867.2 square meters, the Badshahi Mosque can host approximately 5,000 worshippers at a time. Undoubtedly, it holds a distinguished place among the greatest holy sites globally.
The Faisal Mosque, located in Islamabad, Pakistan, takes pride in being the largest mosque in the country. Serving as a prime example of contemporary architecture, it beautifully blends ancient cultural values with modern design.
Designed by the Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay, the mosque’s construction was completed in 1986 during the tenure of General Zia. Encompassing an expansive area of approximately 43,295.8 square meters, it boasts the capacity to accommodate an astounding 300,000 worshippers. What adds to its allure is its perfect location in the northern part of Islamabad, situated beside the picturesque Margalla Hills.
The Hassan II Mosque
The Hassan II Mosque, built in the modern era of 1993, showcases a stunning architectural feat envisioned by the French architect Michael Pineau. Located in Casablanca, Morocco, this mosque stands out with the tallest minaret in the world.
Encompassing a vast area of 90,000 square meters, it provides accommodation for an impressive 105,000 worshippers. Notably, the construction of this magnificent mosque involved a total cost ranging from $400 to $700 million. Its awe-inspiring design and grandeur make it a significant religious and cultural landmark.
The Istiqlal Mosque, situated in Jakarta, holds the distinction of being the largest mosque in Southeast Asia. Its sprawling area covers approximately 95,000 square meters, offering a sacred space for nearly 120,000 worshippers. The mosque’s construction was completed in 1978, becoming an iconic landmark in the city.
Symbolizing the seven heavens in Islamic cosmology, the Istiqlal Mosque features seven entrances, enhancing its significance and spiritual symbolism.
Imam Reza Shrine The Imam Reza Shrine, located in Iran, stands as the largest holy mosque in terms of dimensions, spanning an impressive 267,079 square meters. Its grand size allows it to accommodate a vast number of 700,000 worshippers.
This monumental structure goes beyond being just a mosque; it houses a museum, a library, the Razavi Institute of Islamic Sciences, a dining hall for pilgrims, and four seminaries within its premises, adding to its cultural and educational significance.
Imam Reza Shrine
The Imam Reza Shrine stands as a magnificent tribute and honor to Hazrat Imam Ali, the fourth Khalifa of Islam. For millions of Shia Muslims worldwide, this shrine holds immense significance and serves not only as a place of worship but also as a mosque. With an impressive covered area of 267,079 square meters, it ranks as the world’s second-largest mosque.
The mosque’s beauty is further enhanced by its stunning Gold-coated Dome, which graces the skyline of Mashhad, Iran. Comprising seven courtyards, each sprawling over a vast area of 331,578 square meters, the shrine exudes grandeur and splendor. Located in Mashhad, Iraq, it offers more than just a place of worship, as it encompasses various facilities such as an art gallery, the Razavi School of Islamic Sciences, prayer rooms, and dining options for pilgrims.
As a site of profound religious importance and architectural magnificence, the Imam Reza Shrine continues to draw countless visitors and devotees from around the world, seeking spiritual solace and connection to their faith. The sacredness of this place reverberates through its intricate design, making it a significant landmark in Islamic culture and history.
Al-Masjid-An-Nabawi, commonly known as the Prophet’s Mosque, holds a paramount position in the hearts of Muslims worldwide. Built by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) during his Prophethood in 622 AD, this revered mosque is located in Medina, Saudi Arabia.
Encompassing an area of 400,000 to 500,000 square meters, it boasts the capacity to accommodate an awe-inspiring one million worshippers who visit from all corners of the globe. The mosque’s architecture presents a beautiful fusion of Islamic, Ottoman, Classical, and contemporary styles. Its main prayer hall spans two floors and occupies the entire first floor.
Masjid-Al-Haram The grandeur of Masjid Al-Haram, the largest mosque in the world, is beyond comparison. Situated in the holy city of Makkah, Saudi Arabia, this magnificent mosque surrounds the Kaaba, holding immense spiritual significance for Muslims worldwide.
Covering a staggering area of 4,008,020 square meters, it can accommodate an astounding four million worshippers at a time. Serving as the center of the Islamic world, millions of pilgrims from across the globe visit this sacred mosque each year to perform their religious duties and experience its profound spiritual atmosphere.
One of the most renowned places of worship globally is the Al-Haram Mosque, considered one of the largest mosques on Earth. According to the Quran, it holds the distinction of being the first place ever built for the worship of Allah. Each year, millions of pilgrims gather there to participate in the sacred Hajj and Umrah ceremonies.
Al-Haram Mosque stands as an awe-inspiring symbol of Islamic devotion, revered for its grandeur and beauty. Encompassing an impressive area of 400,800 square meters, it ranks among the most significant and holiest places of worship worldwide. The Quran attributes its historical significance as the first sacred place constructed to honor Allah, earning it the nickname “forbidden mosque” due to the prohibition of violence within its vicinity.
At the heart of its sanctity, Al-Haram holds the sacred black stone and the holy Kaaba, making it a focal point for Muslims globally. Other vital locations within the mosque, like Maqam Ibrahim and the Zamzam well, further enhance its spiritual significance. The surrounding hills of Safa and Marwa are also integral to the mosque’s property, as the Al-Haram Mosque continues to expand to accommodate the ever-increasing number of pilgrims.
Known for its remarkable capacity, Al-Haram can accommodate up to four million people, earning it the title of the largest mosque worldwide. With such immense devotion and historical significance, it remains a site of profound spiritual importance for Muslims, drawing countless believers from across the globe.